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桥接 Bridge

🌉 桥接

桥接模式将抽象部分与实现部分分离,使它们都可以独立的变化。

示例:

protocol Switch {
    var appliance: Appliance { get set }
    func turnOn()
}

protocol Appliance {
    func run()
}

final class RemoteControl: Switch {
    var appliance: Appliance

    func turnOn() {
        self.appliance.run()
    }

    init(appliance: Appliance) {
        self.appliance = appliance
    }
}

final class TV: Appliance {
    func run() {
        print("tv turned on");
    }
}

final class VacuumCleaner: Appliance {
    func run() {
        print("vacuum cleaner turned on")
    }
}

用法

let tvRemoteControl = RemoteControl(appliance: TV())
tvRemoteControl.turnOn()

let fancyVacuumCleanerRemoteControl = RemoteControl(appliance: VacuumCleaner())
fancyVacuumCleanerRemoteControl.turnOn()