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策略 Strategy

💡 策略

对象有某个行为,但是在不同的场景中,该行为有不同的实现算法。策略模式: * 定义了一族算法(业务规则); * 封装了每个算法; * 这族的算法可互换代替(interchangeable)。

示例:


struct TestSubject {
    let pupilDiameter: Double
    let blushResponse: Double
    let isOrganic: Bool
}

protocol RealnessTesting: AnyObject {
    func testRealness(_ testSubject: TestSubject) -> Bool
}

final class VoightKampffTest: RealnessTesting {
    func testRealness(_ testSubject: TestSubject) -> Bool {
        return testSubject.pupilDiameter < 30.0 || testSubject.blushResponse == 0.0
    }
}

final class GeneticTest: RealnessTesting {
    func testRealness(_ testSubject: TestSubject) -> Bool {
        return testSubject.isOrganic
    }
}

final class BladeRunner {
    private let strategy: RealnessTesting

    init(test: RealnessTesting) {
        self.strategy = test
    }

    func testIfAndroid(_ testSubject: TestSubject) -> Bool {
        return !strategy.testRealness(testSubject)
    }
}

### 用法


let rachel = TestSubject(pupilDiameter: 30.2,
                         blushResponse: 0.3,
                         isOrganic: false)

// Deckard is using a traditional test
let deckard = BladeRunner(test: VoightKampffTest())
let isRachelAndroid = deckard.testIfAndroid(rachel)

// Gaff is using a very precise method
let gaff = BladeRunner(test: GeneticTest())
let isDeckardAndroid = gaff.testIfAndroid(rachel)